Specific coffee chemicals may ward off type 2 diabetes

This new study was led by Soren Gregersen and colleagues at the Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark.

shutterstock_178457015Coffee and diabetes, two commonly covered topics in the media. A lot of people drink coffee every day, in America more than half of adults drink it daily. Type 2 diabetes is a common disease, striking almost 1 in 10 Americans. Therefore, research into coffee and its ability to prevent or slow down the onset of type 2 diabetes has garnered a fair amount of attention. This kind of research is relevant for all of us, as preventing diabetes is the ultimate goal. Recently, a link was found between coffee and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Namely, habitual coffee drinking does seem to lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Patients with type 2 diabetes have a resistance to insulin, which normally helps control the amount of glucose in the blood. Damage to large blood vessels in the heart, brain and legs and smaller blood vessels in the kidneys, eyes, feet and nerves are the complications of diabetes with far reaching consequences. This new study found that cafestol and caffeic acid (two compounds of coffee) increase insulin production in presence of glucose. Cafestol was also found to increase glucose uptake into muscle cells at a similar rate to current diabetes drugs. This dual action of cafestol suggests that it may contribute to the preventive effects on type 2 diabetes in coffee drinkers. This study will open the way to more ideas of potential treatments for diabetes. The search is still very much on!

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